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Philippine Accountancy in the Future : New Accountancy Tracks Forthcoming

The emerging growth in the specializations in the accountancy profession and the anticipated outcome of the new K-12 basic education will result in the re-design of the accounting curriculum in the future. Four (4) different yet related accounting programs are proposed : the revised BS in Accountancy for the CPA track, BS in Management Accounting for the management accounting track, BS in Internal Audit for the governance, risk and compliance track, and the BS in Accounting Information System for the information and technology track. In response to the change in the curriculum, the process for the licensure examination will also be changed. 
New Accountancy Tracks Forthcoming
By: Joel L. Tan-Torres

GAME-breaking changes are forthcoming in the area of accountancy education and the licensure examination process. These new accountancy tracks for the accountancy profession are among the revisions of the accountancy law that the Board of Accountancy (BOA) will be submitting soon to Congress for its legislation.

The new tracks start with the taking of any of the four accounting programs in college. The accounting courses that will be available by school year 2018-2019 include BS Accountancy, BS Management Accounting, BS Internal Auditing and BS Accounting Information System. The Commission of Higher Education (Ched), in coordination with the BOA, will be issuing before year-end the necessary Ched memorandum order to provide the details of these accountancy programs. These programs will provide different options for the accounting student to pursue depending on his or her interest.

In addition to these forthcoming changes in the accountancy education, there will also be a reformatting of the professional licensure examination process. The licensure examination of the future will include two levels of tests. The graduates of the four accounting programs will have to take the first-level Certified Accountant (CA) examination. This examination consists of five core accounting subjects, to include financial accounting reporting, advanced financial accounting reporting, management advisory services, taxation and regulatory framework for business transactions. The examinees will have to pass this CA examination to work or practice accountancy. The passers of the CA examination will be authorized to work as accountants in the government, public practice and private sector, except to sign auditor’s certifications and to teach as accounting educators.

Those who want to pursue the aforementioned exempted accountancy work will have to pass the second-level Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or Certified Professional Accountant (CPA) examination, depending on their educational specialization or attainment. There will be a CPA examination for each of the four accountancy courses or specialization. There will be a CPA examination dwelling for each of the accountancy specialization of auditing, management accounting and accountancy information system. The CPA examination can be taken optionally after three years of meaningful work experience. Once the examinees have passed the CPA exam, they can now be signatories of the external audit certification, while passers of the Certified Professional or Public Accountant exams can qualify as accounting teachers.

The new licensure examination consisting of both the CA and CPA examinations are expected to start by year 2023.

The changes being made are intended to address the demands and requirements of industry and the accountancy profession of having accounting professionals. There is now the need for accountants to have specialized skills and a more practical experience and mind-set.

These changes will also provide more focused options for those desiring to pursue accountancy education and careers. Unlike the present situation where there is only one option of taking the BS Accountancy course as the first step in being an accountant, the academic and licensure track of the future will present more options to cater to the interest and competence of the future accountant.

With these changes in place, our future accounting professionals will be more qualified and prepared to meet the growing demands of the local and global community.

These changes are in line with the objective of the Six-Point Expanding Horizons Strategic Plan (EH Strategic Plan) of elevating the Filipino accountant and the accountancy profession to a level that exceeds global standards.

The measures under the EH Strategic Plan are:

Institute quality and governance measures.
Effectively regulate the profession.
Enhance image and reputation of the accounting professional.
Enhance stakeholders’ involvement and cooperation.
Institute structural changes.
Provide communication and assistance mechanisms.

Joel L. Tan-Torres is the chairman of the Professional Regulatory Board of Accountancy.  He is a Certified Public Accountant who placed No. 1 in the May 1979 CPA Board Examinations.  He is concurrently a tax partner of Reyes Tacandong & Co., CPAs.  He was the former commissioner of the Bureau of Internal Revenue in 2009 and 2010.

This article was taken from the Debit Credit column published by the Board of Accountancy. Permission was obtained to published this article in this website.

Disclaimer : Opinions expressed in this article are that of the author and information provided are for general conceptual guidance for public information only and are not substitute for advice from qualified professional or an expert opinion. Contact support@cpadavao.com for more information and/or if you want to avail professional services from a qualified professional. This site accepts and publishes contributions from accountants and business professionals, especially articles that are of interest to the accountancy profession, in particular, and to the business community, in general. Please email your articles to publisher@cpadavao.com together with your bio and affiliations for publication in this website.


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About Vincent Perdiguez

The above article was shared by Vincent on this website. He is currently working as a government employee. He is an accountant by profession and his field of interest is audit and taxation. He is writing about business and he loves sharing his knowledge. He is also a practicing Christian and loves to talk about the Bible. He is an active promoter of the 1611 King James Bible. You can reach him through email at cpadavao@gmail.com or through mobile number +63-916-276-4585. You can also post your comments or suggestions about the subject below. Thank you for subscribing to us!
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